Agra Fort – History, Timings, Entry Fee, Location
We are well-aware about Agra Fort, but do you know about the mysterious history behind it and facts about its incredible architecture?
Agra was the capital of the Mughal Sultanate then and Agra Fort is known by different names such as “Lal-Qila”, “Qila-i-Akbari” and “Fort Rouge”. This Fort is one of the highlights of the city, of course after, the Great Taj Mahal – one of the seven wonders of the world. It is currently considered as the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
I can sense after reading such fast facts, you must be excited to know more. Therefore, without wasting a second, read further to know more.
Agra Fort – The Amazing History
Spread over 380,000 square meters, this grand fort was built in 1573 under the reign of Akbar – one of the greatest Mughal emperors as the main residence of the Mughals. It symbolizes the power, resilience, and strength. He had hired over 4,000 workers and it took almost eight years to build this magnificent, spectacular monument. It remained their residence until 1638 as afterward, the Mughal dynasty moved to Delhi from Agra.
It is considered as one of the grandest tourist attractions, you would get to know the moment you see it as it still stands in the glory.
Being known for its interesting history, it all started with the first battle of Panipat between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi in which Lodi was defeated. After conquering over Lodi dynasty, Babur made the fort and the Lodi’s palace as his home. In this way, emperors across the country started eyeing this fort and made efforts to win over it. Hence, it has been owned by many rulers and emperors and faced numerous changes in its appearance. The current and final form was done under the reign of Shah Jahan. Before handed over the Indian government in 1947, it was won by the British government when they defeated the Marathas in the Second Anglo-Maratha War.
Architecture and Layout
The fort has a semicircular shape via birds eye’s view with a river flows parallel on one side and seventy feet high walls. It has various halls and palaces with four gates on each side with a Khizri gate open to that river.
This fort has four gates, out of which – the Delhi gate and Lahore gate are the well-known ones. Later, the Lahore gate was renamed as the Amar Singh Gate. The Delhi Gate was used by Akbar as the main entrance which also served the purpose of security against invaders. Coming on to palaces and halls, the leading ones are Macchi Bhawan, Khas Mahal, and Shah Jahani Mahal.
Earlier, the fort was built using red sandstone. It was during the reign of Shah Jahan that this fort had to undergo some major changes in its appearance due to his eternal likeness for white marble. Therefore, he commanded to rebuild many structures within the fort using white marble. During his last days, he was held captive in the Musamman Burj of the Agra Fort from where he used to enjoy the elegant view of the Taj Mahal which entombs his beloved wife – Mumtaz Mahal.
Timings and Fees!
I had visited this fort last year in winters and it was the best time to visit. It costs fees to enter it. It varies as per who you are. The adults have to charge fees of Rs. 5 per person while children below 12 years of age have free entry. It remains open to visitors from sunrise to sunset i.e. from 06:00 am to 06:30 pm excluding Fridays.
So, plan your visit to this glorious fort and let me know your experience in the comments below.